Hyperglycemia is the flip side of hypoglycemia. It occurs when the blood sugar is too high, and usually develops much more
slowly. Again, thanks to UCSD for the information below on treating hyperglycemia.
Normal Glucose: 65 -140.
HIGH BLOOD GLUCOSE
High blood sugar: 250-350
Symptoms: extreme thirst; frequent urination; fatigue; vision
changes; dry skin and mouth.
Causes: Too much food; wrong kinds of food; illness, injury or infection; emotional
stress; too little diabetes medication; previously undiagnosed diabetes.
Treatment: Follow meal plan; take medication
properly; notify doctor to treat underlying illness or infection or adjust amount of medication. Administrator's note: I have
also dropped low level hyperglycemia (230 minus) with exercise, such as a 25 minute walk on a treadmill. Do this only, of
course, with a physician's recommendation, and testing glucose before and after exercise. We were also taught in diabetes
class (Source: Kaiser Permanente) that drinking water was also helpful to flush out excess blood sugar. I find exercise more
VERY HIGH BLOOD SUGAR
Very high blood sugar: (over 350)
Symptoms: Same as for high blood
sugar and possibly: nausea; stomach cramps; dry mouth, dehydration; fruity breath; ketones in urine; weight loss; deep and
rapid breathing; drowsiness; unconsciousness.
Causes: Same as for high blood sugar.
Treatment: Test urine
for ketones (use Ketostix, available at any pharmacy); notify your doctor, who can tell you how to treat yourself or where
to find treatment QUICKLY.
Again, this emergency material is not intended to diagnose a condition, but is intended
to assist you in an emergency situation. Consult a physician for further information.
Source: The UCSD Healthy Diet
for Diabetes, by Susan Algert, M.S., R.D.; Barbara Grasse, R.D., C.D.E.; Annie Durning, M.S., R.D.